Keywords: AIDS foundation treatment
AIDS is a serious infectious disease with a high mortality rate, there is no cure drugs and methods, but preventable.
Therapeutic agents can be divided into three categories: anti-HIV drugs, immunomodulatory agents, and opportunistic infections drugs.
An anti-HIV drugs: such as azido thymidine (AZT), dideoxy inosine (ddI) ‘dideoxycytidine (ddC), the very large side effects of these drugs, toxic, and easy to resistance.
Immunomodulatory agents: interferon, interleukin-2, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF, G-CSF).
Opportunistic infection drugs, antiprotozoal drugs: anti-fungal drugs such as cotrimoxazole: preferred two natures of avermectin B.
AIDS treatment research in recent years has made great progress, some new drugs will be listed in the near future will be able to overcome the difficulties in the treatment.
The most commonly used is azidothymidine, dideoxyinosine, and dideoxycytidine, according to the information in the early stages of infection, such as the joint use of these drugs is better. But more than one drug are in foreign production, and the price is very expensive, domestic rarely used.
Other immunomodulatory drugs interferon, interleukin – Ⅱ and gamma globulin, have anti-viral, anti-bacterial infections and enhance the role of immune regulation. Which interleukin – II also allows patients to increase the number of lymphocytes, improve the body’s immune function.
Some of China’s traditional Chinese medicine, such as lentinan, Salvia, astragalus and glycyrrhizin also adjust the immune function. Have been found in some studies, some traditional Chinese medicine and its ingredients in the process of in vitro can inhibit HIV, and the price is cheap, is expected to have a very good application prospects.
AIDS treatment has not yet heard the optimistic message. Chinese-American scientist David Ho invention the joint drug therapy “cocktail therapy" became a hit, but the study found even three kinds even drugs can not completely remove the body of the AIDS virus. The contrary, after the latent period of time in the body, the number of viruses may also be massive rise.
The experts of the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine, in cooperation with researchers in Germany, and has achieved good results in animal studies of a new vaccine, is now preparing an application for human trials. In addition, our veterinary virologist developed more than 20 years ago, the prevention of equine infectious anemia vaccine may provide new ideas for the development of an AIDS vaccine.
Enhance self-protection awareness, AIDS expert advice to avoid unsafe behavior, prevention and control is also our major policy challenges of AIDS. The State Council promulgated the “China prevention and control of AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases and long-term planning (1998-2010)", by the blood collection and supply pathway spread is expected to block the AIDS virus in 2002, to curb the rapid momentum of intravenous suck each other spread and reduce STD incidence rise The fight to control the total number of infected people in 2020 to less than 1.5 million people. The Ministry of Health will be able to achieve the best results.
What new drug in the treatment of advanced AIDS
‘Recently Japan Morinaga Milk Industry Company, a Massachusetts Institute is the development of a drug known as M-CSF, this drug is a vascular a glycoprotein the hamster cell transplantation proliferation, it is activated the small phagocytes engulfed mycobactericidal, for therapeutic purposes.