Keywords: cerebral hemorrhage
Rupture of blood vessels called cerebral hemorrhage within the brain parenchyma, also known as a brain haemorrhage. Does not include traumatic brain bleeding occurred in elderly men than women.
The common cause of intracerebral hemorrhage is high blood pressure. Some data indicate that more than 80% of patients with cerebral hemorrhage has a history of hypertension. Since the long-term high blood pressure, brain small arteries to the formation of the of miliary size of tumor expansion, when a sudden increase in blood pressure, certain factors will make the tiny aneurysm rupture of cerebral bleeding. The long-term high blood pressure, but also in the cerebral artery intima impaired lipid deposition, hyalinization wall brittle enhanced, more bleeding. In addition, cerebral arteriosclerosis, cerebral vascular malformations is also a common cause of cerebral hemorrhage. All the factors that make a sudden increase in blood pressure, such as emotional and strenuous activity, excessive drinking, hard stool, are predisposing factors cerebral hemorrhage.
Cerebral hemorrhage can occur in any part of the brain parenchyma can be single, multiple. But most hypertension, cerebral arteriosclerosis, cerebral hemorrhage, mostly single. Its a good site for the internal capsule, basal ganglia, followed by the external capsule, the frontal lobe. Brainstem and cerebellum rare.
Cerebral hemorrhage more than than the sudden onset, rapid progression, severe deterioration within a few minutes or a few hours. The patients had disturbance of consciousness, paralysis, vomiting and incontinence. And may have a headache and elevated blood pressure.
Clinical manifestations of cerebral hemorrhage roughly divided into two types: (1) whole brain symptoms, more cerebral hemorrhage, edema and increased intracranial pressure due. Headache, vomiting, drowsiness, coma. (2) focal symptoms, broken blood into the brain parenchyma due to the positioning of the symptoms, such as central paralysis, facial paralysis, aphasia, and partial body sensory disturbances.
Bleeding volume and different parts of the clinical outcome. If a large amount of bleeding, bleeding spread to the ventricles, the formation of a hernia, or concurrent central fever, stress gastrointestinal bleeding, serious consequences, a higher mortality rate. Encounter attach great importance to and actively carry out life-saving treatment to reduce mortality and morbidity.