Keywords: children with acute nephritis disease
Acute nephritis, also known as acute glomerulonephritis, the disease as the immune response after an infection, often secondary to streptococcal infection of the upper respiratory tract or skin. Of course, the prognosis of this disease is mostly good, without leaving any sequelae, but if the early onset of mishandling or some severe cases, you can become chronic nephritis and even renal failure, and endanger the baby’s life, it should cause us great importance.
Pioneer of the disease before the onset of 1-4 weeks often acute tonsillitis, skin, impetigo and other infections. Low-grade fever, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and other symptoms, no difference between these symptoms and fever infection in general, is not easy to arouse people’s attention, is often overlooked. Edema and oliguria is characteristic of this disease, edema generally start with the children’s eyelids began, gradually extended to the whole body. Means the pressure is not depression, edema decreased urine output or no urine, about 1-2 weeks, gradually increasing the amount of urine, swelling gradually subsided.
Most children with hematuria is invisible to the naked eye, only a small portion of children with gross hematuria. Hematuria color and some were red like washing meat water, and some like the color of strong tea, which related to the acidity of the urine, hope to observe the urine of children should be noted that. This macroscopic hematuria generally disappear within 1-2 weeks. Hypertension in children’s performance is nausea, vomiting, dizziness, but if the blood pressure rises too fast, there will be many serious complications.
China’s urban health conditions have been greatly improved, the onset of acute nephritis can receive timely treatment, so rare serious cases in the city, but still occur in remote rural areas. These severe cases, such as early detection and timely treatment, can lead to death in children.
Children with early onset of urine output was significantly reduced aggravate edema, shortness of breath, rapid heart rate, irritability, and then the condition can be a sharp deterioration, difficulty in breathing, not supine, looking pale, cold limbs, frequent cough, spit up pink foamy sputum, children with heart failure.
If children in the early onset of severe dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and the emergence of a transient blindness, severe sudden convulsions, coma, as compared to the performance of hypertensive encephalopathy. Some of the serious cases of acute renal failure in early.
These conditions, if not timely treatment, the consequences could be disastrous. When your child before the period of the history of tonsillitis or purulent skin infections, but the phenomenon of edema and oliguria, early diagnosis and treatment.