Keywords: pediatric hematuria
The normal pediatric urine colorless transparent or light yellow, but sometimes seen in children urine red or wash the meat color, when this should be thought of as hematuria. Microscopic hematuria and gross hematuria hematuria divided into the former only through a microscope to find that the latter will be able to distinguish with the naked eye out. Urine in children is most common in patients with urinary tract, but have their own characteristics in different parts of the urinary discharge of hematuria. Kidney Disease discharged hematuria color was dark brown as tea or wash the meat in water samples, are hematuria, the entire process of urination and the urine is often mixed with blood clots. Hematuria caused by bladder disease often occurs in urination fast terminally, multi red color. Discharge of urinary tract disease hematuria often in voiding start, middle and posterior segments of urine containing no blood.
In different age common diseases caused hematuria different neonatal hematuria vitamin K deficiency is common in newborns caused by a variety of congenital malformations of hyperlipidemia, urinary tract. Infancy hematuria is common in ulcers and inflammation of the urethra, Wilms, hemolytic uremic syndrome, etc.. Preschoolers hematuria is common in acute glomerulonephritis, allergic purpura nephritis, Wilms tumor, urinary tract injury, foreign body, hemorrhagic cystitis. School-age children is more common in acute glomerulonephritis, kidney stones, anaphylactoid purpura nephritis, lupus nephritis, pyelonephritis, hereditary chronic nephritis, primary benign hematuria, urinary tract damage. In addition to the above diseases, systemic diseases also can cause hematuria, blood diseases, lack of vitamin C caused scurvy epidemic hemorrhagic fever, urethral trichomoniasis. Adjacent organs around the urinary system diseases can invade or stimulate the urethra occurs hematuria.
Hematuria urination associated symptoms, consider the cause of hematuria often help. Urination pain, while oliguria, edema, acute nephritis. Upper abdomen or waist colic urination, and more caused by the stones. Accompanied by dysuria, hematuria, urinary urgency, urinary frequency, and often is the inflammation of the bladder and urethra, tuberculosis. Urinary tract infection, except dysuria, urgency, frequent urination, hematuria, often accompanied by pyuria, and more to pyuria.