Keywords: gastritis, gastric ulcer
Gastritis, refers to a variety of causes worthy of gastric mucosal inflammatory changes. Mainly for mucosal congestion, edema, exudate, bleeding or erosion may be associated with. Also may be associated with mucosal folds flat or disappear. We often say that the gastric ulcer actually refers to the occurrence of chronic ulcers in the stomach and duodenum. The formation of the disease related to gastric acid and pepsin digestion, so called peptic ulcer.
Ulcers often has round or oval, less than 2.5 cm in diameter and depth of the muscularis mucosa, neat edge, the ulcer further development, involving the muscular layer or serosa, and even lead to perforation. When the perforation of blood vessels, which can lead to heavy bleeding. Sometimes the lack of specificity of clinical manifestations of chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer. For example there are abdominal pain, belching, bloating, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and even vomiting blood and melena. Whole body fatigue, weight loss, dizziness, back pain and other systemic symptoms. Identify both best means of X-ray examination of the gastrointestinal tract endoscopy. Acute and chronic gastritis can be divided into two categories. Referred to chronic gastritis, chronic gastritis treatment should pay attention to the following points:
(1) To eliminate mental stress factors. To be open-minded, to ensure adequate sleep and physical activity, avoid alcohol, dietary restraint, be smaller meals, eat easily digestible food, do not eat cold, hard, deep-fried food. Do not eat raw onions, raw garlic, pepper, ginger and other food stomach irritation.
(2) To the rational use of drugs. Many drugs on the gastric mucosa stimulus, such as aspirin, APC, sulfa preparations, tetracyclines, and hormone drugs, as far as possible without these drugs. Drugs for the treatment of chronic gastritis lot Sanjiuweitai Sidel impact will rule Kuiyangning, stomach mucosal protective agent. How to choose these drugs, eat one of them, or variety, must ask digestion physician.
Peptic ulcer disease is also a chronic disease, it has two characteristics: first, self-limiting, and spontaneity. The so-called self-limiting, without special treatment, natural healing to a certain time; recurrent ulcer healing and then self recurrence. Based on these characteristics, patients on therapy should have a correct attitude. Neither have a fear, and do not take it lightly.
(1) to take the initiative to learn the knowledge of the treatment of this disease, should be the law of life, work and rest, and avoid excessive mental stress.
(2) diet from time to time, not meal hunger and meal, the excessive speed of eating is not easy. Avoid rough too cold overheating larger food and stomach irritation, avoid alcohol.
(3) drug treatment. The main choice of acid-suppressing drugs, the cimetidine (following Tagamet), ranitidine, neutralize stomach acid drug aluminum hydroxide, magnesium oxide, Weishuping. Because ulcers majority of gastric acid drugs to enhance gastric mucosal defense capability should be selected, such as colloidal bismuth preparations, happy stomach, and Sidel the granules, prostate qualities, etc..
(4) the surgical treatment of ulcer disease should take a cautious attitude. If the merger of major bleeding, acute perforation, organic pyloric stenosis, suspected cancer, etc. can be listed as taken into account.