Keywords: exercise in patients with coronary heart disease
Coronary heart disease is a common disease of the elderly. Because there is no specific drug can cure coronary heart disease, so patients mainly how to improve symptoms, improve quality of life. Rehabilitation is the internationally recommended method.
Coronary rehabilitation training through active physical, psychological, behavioral, and social activities, and help patients to relieve symptoms and improve cardiovascular function, improve quality of life. Rehabilitation exercise is an important part of the rehabilitation.
, Which patients can participate in the rehabilitation exercise of coronary heart disease? Mainly the following: stable coronary artery disease (including old myocardial infarction, unstable angina), latent coronary heart disease, coronary artery bypass surgery, percutaneous coronary The balloon dilatation postoperative patients.
Mainly aerobic training can do what movement exercise, including walking, cycling, hiking, swimming, playing croquet, table tennis and badminton. Rhythm dance, traditional Chinese boxing operation is also suitable exercise.
Movement to what extent is a good sign of the right amount of exercise: after exercise, get up the next morning feeling comfortable without fatigue. The total weekly exercise equivalent to walking 10 to 20 kilometers. The exercise is constituted by three elements of the intensity, duration and frequency. Suitability easiest way to determine the exercise intensity: exercise, sweating slightly, the mild breathing speed up, but does not affect the dialogue. Exercise time is the time to reach the time of the training intensity, typically 20 to 30 minutes. Training frequency refers to the number of weekly training, general exercise 3 to 5 times a week on it.
Exercise as well as “head end" each exercise must be in three phases, namely preparatory activities, training activities and end activities. Preparation activities, also known as the warm-up activity intensity is relatively small, its full activity of the joints, muscles and ligaments, the cardiovascular system to get ready. Training activity is divided continuing training and intermittent training, which is more suitable for patients with coronary heart disease. End activity, also known as a finishing movement, aimed at the highly active cardiovascular system to gradually return to the quiet state, generally use the small intensity relax movement. Inadequate preparatory activities and end is the most common reason, so, while the emphasis on exercise, should pay attention to preparatory activities before exercise and after finishing activities an “a", to avoid accidents caused by exercise accident.